Solar Eclipse Preview: 2011 - 2030

©2012 by Fred Espenak

Introduction

An eclipse of the Sun (or solar eclipse) can only occur at New Moon when the Moon passes between Earth and Sun. If the Moon's shadow falls upon Earth's surface, we see some portion of the Sun's disk covered or 'eclipsed' by the Moon. Since New Moon occurs every 29 1/2 days, you might think that we should have a solar eclipse about once a month. Unfortunately, this doesn't happen because the Moon's orbit around Earth is tilted 5 degrees to Earth's orbit around the Sun. As a result, the Moon's shadow usually misses Earth as it passes above or below our planet at New Moon. At lease twice each year, the geometry lines up just right so that an eclipse of the Sun is seen from some part of Earth.

The Moon's shadow has three parts two of which are nested inside the third. The faint outer shadow is the penumbra. Partial eclipses are visible inside the penumbral shadow. The dark inner shadow is the umbra. Total eclipses are seen in the umbral shadow. The umbra is cone-shaped and narrows to a point. Extending beyond the umbra is the antumbra.

There are four types of solar eclipses:

    1. Partial - Moon's penumbral shadow traverses Earth (umbral and antumbral shadows completely miss Earth)
    2. Annular - Moon's antumbral shadow traverses Earth (Moon is too far from Earth to completely cover the Sun)
    3. Total - Moon's umbral shadow traverses Earth (Moon is close enough to Earth to completely cover the Sun)
    4. Hybrid - Moon's umbral and antumbral shadows traverse Earth (eclipse appears annular and total along different sections of its path). Hybrid eclipses are also known as annular-total eclipses.

The number of solar eclipses in a single year can range from 2 to 5. Nearly 3/4 of the time there are 2 eclipses in a year. On the other hand, it is quite rare to have 5 solar eclipse in a single year. The last time it happened was in 1935 and the next time is 2206.

For a complete introduction to this subject, see: Solar Eclipses For Beginners.



2006 Mar 29 Total Solar Eclipse
2006 Total Solar Eclipse
This Baily's Beads sequence shows both 2nd and 3rd Contact.
(click to see more photos)

Solar Eclipses: 2011 - 2030

The table below lists every solar eclipse from 2011 through 2030. Click on the eclipse Calendar Date to see a global map showing where the eclipse is visible from. The second column TD of Greatest Eclipse is the Terrestrial Dynamical Time of greatest eclipse and links to an animation showing the eclipse path across Earth. The Eclipse Type link opens a window showing the path of total and annular eclipses plotted on Google Maps. The Saros Series link opens a window showing the table listing details for all eclipses in the Saros series. The Eclipse Magnitude is the fraction of the Sun's diameter covered by the Moon at greatest eclipse. For total and annular eclipses, this value is actually the ratio of the apparent diameters of the Moon to the Sun. The Central Duration lists the duration of totality or annularity at greatest eclipse and links to a table of geographic coordinates of the eclipse path. The last column is a brief description of the geographic regions of eclipse visibility. The descriptions are for the partial phases of each eclipse. Annular and total eclipses are only visible from the regions in bold.



Eclipses of the Sun: 2011 - 2030
Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse Eclipse Type Saros Series Eclipse Magnitude Central Duration Geographic Region of Eclipse Visibility
2011 Jan 04 08:51:42 Partial 151 0.858 - Europe, Africa, c Asia
2011 Jun 01 21:17:18 Partial 118 0.601 - e Asia, n N. America, Iceland
2011 Jul 01 08:39:30 Partial 156 0.097 - s Indian Ocean
2011 Nov 25 06:21:24 Partial 123 0.905 - s Africa, Antarctica, Tasmania, N.Z.
2012 May 20 23:53:53 Annular 128 0.944 05m46s Asia, Pacific, N. America
[Annular: China, Japan, Pacific, w U.S.]
2012 Nov 13 22:12:55 Total 133 1.050 04m02s Australia, N.Z., s Pacific, s S. America
[Total: n Australia, s Pacific]
2013 May 10 00:26:20 Annular 138 0.954 06m03s Australia, N.Z., c Pacific
[Annular: n Australia, Solomon Is., c Pacific]
2013 Nov 03 12:47:36 Hybrid 143 1.016 01m40s e Americas, s Europe, Africa
[Hybrid: Atlantic, c Africa]
2014 Apr 29 06:04:32 Annular 148 0.987 - s Indian, Australia, Antarctica
[Annular: Antarctica]
2014 Oct 23 21:45:39 Partial 153 0.811 - n Pacific, N. America
2015 Mar 20 09:46:47 Total 120 1.045 02m47s Iceland, Europe, n Africa, n Asia
[Total: n Atlantic, Faeroe Is, Svalbard]
2015 Sep 13 06:55:19 Partial 125 0.788 - s Africa, s Indian, Antarctica
2016 Mar 09 01:58:19 Total 130 1.045 04m09s e Asia, Australia, Pacific
[Total: Sumatra, Borneo, Sulawesi, Pacific]
2016 Sep 01 09:08:02 Annular 135 0.974 03m06s Africa, Indian Ocean
[Annular: Atlantic, c Africa, Madagascar, Indian]
2017 Feb 26 14:54:32 Annular 140 0.992 00m44s s S. America, Atlantic, Africa, Antarctica
[Annular: Pacific, Chile, Argentina, Atlantic, Africa]
2017 Aug 21 18:26:40 Total 145 1.031 02m40s N. America, n S. America
[Total: n Pacific, U.S., s Atlantic]
2018 Feb 15 20:52:33 Partial 150 0.599 - Antarctica, s S. America
2018 Jul 13 03:02:16 Partial 117 0.336 - s Australia
2018 Aug 11 09:47:28 Partial 155 0.737 - n Europe, ne Asia
2019 Jan 06 01:42:38 Partial 122 0.715 - ne Asia, n Pacific
2019 Jul 02 19:24:07 Total 127 1.046 04m33s s Pacific, S. America
[Total: s Pacific, Chile, Argentina]
2019 Dec 26 05:18:53 Annular 132 0.970 03m39s Asia, Australia
[Annular: Saudi Arabia, India, Sumatra, Borneo]
2020 Jun 21 06:41:15 Annular 137 0.994 00m38s Africa, se Europe, Asia
[Annular: c Africa, s Asia, China, Pacific]
2020 Dec 14 16:14:39 Total 142 1.025 02m10s Pacific, s S. America, Antarctica
[Total: s Pacific, Chile, Argentina, s Atlantic]
2021 Jun 10 10:43:06 Annular 147 0.943 03m51s n N. America, Europe, Asia
[Annular: n Canada, Greenland, Russia]
2021 Dec 04 07:34:38 Total 152 1.037 01m54s Antarctica, S. Africa, s Atlantic
[Total: Antarctca]
2022 Apr 30 20:42:36 Partial 119 0.640 - se Pacific, s S. America
2022 Oct 25 11:01:19 Partial 124 0.862 - Europe, ne Africa, Mid East, w Asia
2023 Apr 20 04:17:55 Hybrid 129 1.013 01m16s se Asia, E. Indies, Australia, Philippines. N.Z.
[Hybrid: Indonesia, Australia, Papua New Guinea]
2023 Oct 14 18:00:40 Annular 134 0.952 05m17s N. America, C. America, S. America
[Annular: w US, C. America, Columbia, Brazil]
2024 Apr 08 18:18:29 Total 139 1.057 04m28s N. America, C. America
[Total: Mexico, c US, e Canada]
2024 Oct 02 18:46:13 Annular 144 0.933 07m25s Pacific, s S. America
[Annular: s Chile, s Argentina]
2025 Mar 29 10:48:36 Partial 149 0.938 - nw Africa, Europe, n Russia
2025 Sep 21 19:43:04 Partial 154 0.855 - s Pacific, N.Z., Antarctica
2026 Feb 17 12:13:05 Annular 121 0.963 02m20s s Argentina & Chile, s Africa, Antarctica
[Annular: Antarctica]
2026 Aug 12 17:47:05 Total 126 1.039 02m18s n N. America, w Africa, Europe
[Total: Arctic, Greenland, Iceland, Spain]
2027 Feb 06 16:00:47 Annular 131 0.928 07m51s S. America, Antarctica, w & s Africa
[Annular: Chile, Argentina, Atlantic]
2027 Aug 02 10:07:49 Total 136 1.079 06m23s Africa, Europe, Mid East, w & s Asia
[Total:Morocco, Spain, Algeria, Libya, Egypt, Saudi Arabia, Yemen, Somalia]
2028 Jan 26 15:08:58 Annular 141 0.921 10m27s e N. America, C. & S. America, w Europe, nw Africa
[Annular: Ecuador, Peru, Brazil, Suriname, Spain, Portugal]
2028 Jul 22 02:56:39 Total 146 1.056 05m10s SE Asia, E. Indies, Australia, N.Z.
[Total: Australia, N. Z.]
2029 Jan 14 17:13:47 Partial 151 0.871 - N. America, C. America
2029 Jun 12 04:06:13 Partial 118 0.458 - Arctic, Scandanavia, Alaska, n Asia, n Canada
2029 Jul 11 15:37:18 Partial 156 0.230 - s Chile, s Argentina
2029 Dec 05 15:03:57 Partial 123 0.891 - s Argentina, s Chile, Antarctica
2030 Jun 01 06:29:13 Annular 128 0.944 05m21s Europe, n Africa, Mid East, Asia, Arctic, Alaska
[Annular: Algeria, Tunesia, Greece, Turkey, Russia, n. China, Japan]
2030 Nov 25 06:51:37 Total 133 1.047 03m44s s Africa, s Indian Oc., E. Indies, Australia, Antarctica
[Total: Botswana, S. Africa, Australia]

Geographic abbreviations (used above): n = north, s = south, e = east, w = west, c = central


The last total solar eclipse visible from the continental U.S.A. occured on Feb. 26, 1979. A total solar eclipse was visible from Hawaii and Mexico on July 11, 1991. The next two total solar eclipses visible from the U.S.A. occur on Aug. 21, 2017 and Apr. 8, 2024.

The partial and annular phases of eclipses are dangerous to look at because the un-eclipsed part of the Sun is still very bright. You must use special filters or a home-made pinhole projector to safely watch a partial or annular eclipse of the Sun (see: Observing Solar Eclipses Safely). It is only during the total phase of a total eclipse that it is completely safe the to view the Sun with the naked eye.

2001 June 21 Total Solar Eclipse
Total Solar Eclipse of 2006
This sequence captures the entire eclipse from start to finish.
(click to see more photos)

Eclipse Resources